Natural Resource Management and Agriculture Development
Enhancing Groundwater Recharge and Agriculture Development In Saliniy Affected In Salinity Affected Coastal Villages Of Jamnagar District :
- Project Location :
- 10 Villages of Kalyanpur and Khambhaliya blocks of Jamnagar district.
- Project Component :
- Farm pond construction, micro irrigation system, soil moisture conservation work, agriculture diversification, stream treatment, piloting of fodder plots etc.
- Project Stakeholders :
- Kalyani Charitable and Welfare Trust, Sarvani Trust, Saurashtra Voluntary Actions, Arid Communities & Technologies & Gram Vikas Mandal (GVM).
Enhancing agriculture development and ground water recharge in salinity affected coastal villages of Jamnagar district was initiated with a basic reasoning of providing supplementary water for agriculture to farmers suffering the drift of droughts and salinity. There are a good number of ways to conserve the rain water and utilize the same during the distress period so as to provide life saving irrigation to the crops. Farm pond is one among the best alternatives for conservation and harvesting of rain water, especially in the salinity affected coastal villages. Farm Pond is also a very environment friendly technique as compared to other regular techniques; therefore with few conditions it can be a more reliable, economic resource for irrigation. The same intervention was integrated with water resource development and other agriculture related activities. It was a very appreciative effort of reasoning the grant/ contribution based development and turning it to a revolving loan based project so that economically weaker sections could not only participate and take advantage but also create a feeling of ownership and self-reliance with the farm ponds. The villages covered under this project are as follows:
- District – Kalyanpur: Bamnasa, Bhatvadia, Bhogat, Gokalpar and Hadmatiya
- District – Khambhaliya: Beraja, Datrana, Goenj, Nana asota and Movan
- Project Objectives :
- To enhance the water storage as well as recharge capacities of small and medium farm lands through the construction of farm ponds and other area specific water harvesting and recharge structures;
- To enhance the economic returns of the farmers from agriculture through increase in agricultural productivity as well as reduction in input costs;
- To enhance people’s knowledge and attitude towards improved water management strategies and create mass awareness about the use of water saving technologies such as drip and sprinklers;
- To strengthen the village level community based institutions (GVM) to evolve as nerve centers for development of the village and region as a whole.
- Farm Pond :
- 78 farm ponds were constructed in Kalyanpur and Khambhaliya block. The farm ponds enabled 78 farmers to provide crop protective irrigation to 240 acre land using 3.18 mcft harvested water.
- Farm Bund And Outlet :
- A total of 300 hectares of land against planned 60 hectares belonging to 130 farmers was covered under the activity in the Khambhaliya taluka. As a part of the activity, 102 farm outlets were also constructed. It is noteworthy that due to more demand, the farmers contributed 70 % of amount against 30 % contribution from project grant. Farm bund and outlet proved successful as it has good potential of soil moisture retention.
- Stream Treatment :
- Stream treatment activity was initiated on 8 streams in the coastal blocks of Kalyanpur and Khambhaliya taluka. The activity led to the storage of 41.97 mcft of rain water creating irrigation potential of 349.4 hectares of land. Stream treatment activity would enhance the harvesting potential of structures, enabling the communities for its optimum utilization.
- Agriculture Interventions :
- Addressing the water-use efficiency in agriculture practices was another important objective of the programme. The programme promoted drip and sprinkler irrigation systems among 35 farmers, 26 individual plots of organic manure as soil conditioner, 69 small vegetable plots and 50 horticulture plantations.
- Pastureland Development :
- A pastureland development project was piloted on seven hectare public wasteland in Bhatwadiya village of Kalyanpur taluka. The committee leveled the land and constructed a wall for fencing; plants were grown along the boundary to yield biomass. After the monsoon, the local grass species, Jhinjvo, germinated and grew well. The committee spent Rs 3.63 lakh to set up this system and irrigate the land. The grass that was harvested was a boon for those dependent on animal husbandry.
- Solar Fencing :
- Increasing saline wasteland in the coastal areas gave way to the spread of Prosopis Juliflora – abode to the wild animals like blue bull (nilgai) and wild pigs. Animal raids in the cropped agriculture fields demoralized coastal farmers from adopting or investing in farming. Looking at the gravity of the problem, an innovative technological solution of solar (zatka) fencing that runs on solar energy was piloted in Bhogat village by 51 farmers of Kalyanpur taluka. The farmers faced the problem of animal raids in the cropped agriculture fields and they explored solar fencing as one of the innovative solutions to the problem. This is evident by the number of farmers who installed solar machines at their own cost. As the cost of one fence was Rs 49,000, the farmers spent a total of Rs 25.2 lakh. Solar fencing enabled cropping on 918 acres of land. The Kalyani Trust established itself as a local resource agency for providing knowledge regarding solar fencing use to the larger farming community. This is one of the successful models where small interventions lead to large scale replication with manifold impact.
- Village Water Budgeting Plan :
- Okhamandal Gram Samriddhi Pariyojana
- Participatory Lift Irrigation Project